In the early 1920s, barnstorming pilots made their way across the country to earn a living. One such pilot was Dixie Davis who started a flying business at the corner of Wilmer and Beechmont Ave, where the Lunken playfield is now located. This small airfield caught the attention of the Grisard Company (partially owned by Eshelby Lunken), which owned Grisard Field in Blue Ash. Mr. Lunken viewed this new airfield in what was then called the Turkey Bottoms as having more growth potential and was only four miles from downtown Cincinnati. In December 1925, the Grisard Company dissolved and the Lunken family provided financial backing to purchase 204 additional acres of land owned by the Cincinnati Polo Club. This airfield then became known as Lunken Airport. Lucrative airmail routes and military hangars for the reserve squadron at Blue Ash airport were moved to Lunken Airport. The old hangars (Hangar 6) at the east end of the field are rumored to have come from historic McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio. This move also helped secure Federal Funding and stimulated additioinal growth.
In 1925, the Embry Riddle Company organized at Lunken and provided airline, air mail service, and flight raining and became the first government approved flight school in the United States. Embry Riddle later went on to become Embry Riddle Aeronautical University in Florida. In 1928, the Cincinnati of City passed a bond issue allowing purchase of an additional 870 acres and took assignment of a perpetual lease of the airport from the Lunken family. The airfield was now operated by the City of Cincinnati, and long-term plans envisioned Lunken as the city's main airport. Airlines began operation out of the airport in 1925. In 1929, brick aircraft hangars were built along the south side of the airfield in art deco style. Also in 1929, metal monoplanes built by the Metal Aircraft Corporation, called the Flamingo, were built near the airfield. Of 21 built, one survives in South America today. The Aeronca Aircraft Company also built aircraft until 1940 in Hangar #4.
The early beginnings of American Airlines also started at Lunken in 1929 with passenger flights to Chicago. Lunken soon became the center of aviation in Cincinnati with increasing airline traffic and the periodic appearance of famous celebrities. 1929 saw 29,059 flights and 8,528-recorded passengers making their way through Lunken Airport.
In 1936 construction began on the distinctive terminal building still in use today. But in early 1937 the greatest flood in recorded history spilled over the levee and inundated the entire airport, including the half-finished terminal. The flood water levels reached to the top of the terminal building's control tower. A single black brick on the tower facing the airfield marks the high water mark to this day.
The new tower nearly completely submerged during the 1937 flood.
The airfield's location in a flood plain was one geographical disadvantage and heavy fog and surrounding hilltops were others. All these factors put a damper on serious thought to expand Lunken airport into a major airport. Some civic leaders looked to the Blue Ash airfield location as the site of Cincinnati's major airport. Politicians and civic leaders engaged in internal feuding trying to decide where the main Cincinnati airport should be located. Meanwhile, politicians in Northern Kentucky, sensing a great opportunity at hand, met with Federal authorities and secured Federal funding to build an airfield in Northern Kentucky. While Northern Kentucky officials rolled forward with their airport plans, Cincinnati officials were deadlocked in disagreement that lasted for decades.
The main terminal building
In 1946, the major airlines began to pull out of Lunken and started operations at the "Greater Cincinnati Airport" located in Northern Kentucky. Lunken continued expansion with corporations establishing their flight operations out of Lunken in 1951. To date, most Cincinnati Corporations base their flight departments at Lunken. Throughout the years, it became known as a "reliever" airport, handling most general aviation traffic operations in the Cincinnati area. Admittedly, a small airplane operating at CVG is like riding a bicycle on I-75. Lunken also had its fair share of celebrities over the years including The Beatles and most recent US presidents.
Lunken airport is presently an 2000-acre airfield for
general and corporate aviation, and attempts are made to bring in regional
airlines and increase size limits for larger aircraft to land at the airport.
As encroaching suburbs started complaining about noise, the airport was
and is confronted with many battles with the City of Cincinnati and special
interest groups for funding and expansion that continue to this day.
Expensive homes are still being built on the hills directly facing the
airport providing more and more property owners who litigate for tougher
noise restrictions and less flight activity at the airport. Unfortunately,
Lunken Airport is caught in the middle of a tug of war between hostile
surrounding communities and a City Council which seems not to act in the
airport's best interest.
Detail of the main terminal building [Larry Stulz photo]
Other interesting facts about Lunken:
The original course of the Little Miami River snaked through the middle of the present Lunken airfield. One can see traces of the old riverbed in aerial photos of the field. The Little Miami was rerouted to the east of the field and is separated from the airfield by a massive dike system. Lunken bike trail is a paved roadway/sidewalk that completely encircles the airfield for 2.5 miles and is used extensively by walkers, runners and bicyclists.
The airfield literally sits atop the lands that were occupied by the first settlers in this region in 1788. The small settlement of Columbia was established and the original cemetery is located across the street from the airport on Wilmer Avenue. The settlement later moved downriver to Tusculum and later, further down to the location that became the City of Cincinnati.
Air operations at Lunken Airport can be monitored by scanner
frequencies 118.7, 121.9, 121.0.
For more statistics on Lunken Airport, Click Here
Kentucky International Airport
2. Lunken Airport
3. Blue Ash Airport
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